Diet and weight
This chapter explains the use of psychological theory within a nursing framework to guide them how to assess lifestyle behaviours of patients with smoking-related illnesses in day-to-day clinical practice. There are 5 million people worldwide die of smoking-related illnesses every year, 120,000 in the UK alone. A half of all smokers are killed by their habit and they shorten their life span by 13-14 years by smoking. Some of the health problems associated with smoking is listed, that is biochemical assessment of exhaled carbon monoxide levels. The nurse asks to patients about tobacco use at every visit and also advises all tobacco users to quit. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) encourage use of medication and recommend use of over-the-counter nicotine patch, gum, or lozenge; or give prescription for varenicline, bupropion SR, nicotine inhaler or nasal spray, unless contraindicated. Smokers should be encouraged to use Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), or bupropion with support, as a cessation aid.