Philosophizing value in nature
In this chapter I shall discuss the contributions I consider most important in trying to argue the view that, in some way or form or other, value is intrinsic in nature. Existentially and experientially I have always had this view. But I have been anything but confident about how go about vindicating this prephilosophical, experience-based view in terms that would satisfy me as an academic philosopher, not to mention my colleagues. I have selected for critical discussion here what I consider to be the four most promising attempts to argue the view – or some version of the view – I endorse. They are Paul W. Taylor, J. Baird Callicott, Holmes Rolston and Hans Jonas.