chapter  12
27 Pages

The Children Act 1989

Financial provision for children has resulted over the past quarter century in the separation of child maintenance from support and financial provision for the spouse, whether on divorce or within marriage. The original Child Support Act (CSA) 1991 was also saw an essential reform as it met the requirements of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) Article 27(3). The first major post millennium reform was by the Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000, passed on 28 July 2000, and supposed to be progressively working from 2002 which did not in fact occur as it proved too difficult to carry out. This is now formalised in a regime of statutory child support under the CSA 199195 as amended, and is supplemented by provisions for child maintenance in the Matrimonial Causes Act (MCA) 1973 and Children act (CA) 1989. The CSA was enabled to assess British parents resident overseas and enforceability was improved.