chapter  IV
40 Pages


TH E Moors, like all M uhammadan peoples, believe in the existence of a special race of spiritual beings that were created before man. In classical A rabic they are called jin n or jdnn , in Morocco generally jnun or djn un , the singulars of which are jenn and djenn. A female spirit of this class is called jenniya or dj£nniya. W hen the definite article pre­ cedes these words it is in ordinary speech assimilated with the initial consonant, I jenn and Ijn iin becoming j j e n n and j-jn un , or d'djenn and d'djnun ; but scribes speak of l-jann or l-djann and lju n un or l-djunun. In Shelha, where the article preceding a noun borrowed from A rabic has lost its significance and become part of the noun itself, the corre­ sponding name for a jenn is Ijenn, and for jnun Ijniin. The Rifians of the A it W aryager and Tem sim an use the words jjenn and jjn u n , the A t U bahti ddjenn and ddjnun. A jenniya is in the last-mentioned tribe called tajenniht, among the A it Yusi tajennit, among the A it W aryager dajennit.