An Instrumental Theory of Virtue
At this point in our discussion, we have examined and reconstructed two of the three essential components of any eudaimonistic virtue ethics: wellbeing and character. It is now time to consider the third, pivotal component of virtue ethics, which is the concept of virtue itself. Understood most generally, a virtue is a good or excellent state of character. Analysis of virtue involves determining what this state of character is. The remaining chapters of this book are dedicated to reaching as concrete an understanding of this state of character as is possible, given available psychological research and the limitations associated with this research.