chapter  8
17 Pages

Value Fulfi llment

In the previous chapter, I argued that the virtuous person would use practical reason both as tool for assessing and selecting moral goals and as a source of motivation to pursue these goals. This kind of rationally based commitment is one that promises to help us overcome the typical errors we make in making moral judgments and in trying to use them to guide our behavior. Rather than relying on gut instincts, intuitions, or sentiments to guide our judgments and consequent behavior, by using practical reason, we can take control over our actions in a deliberate manner-we can use our agency. Using practical reason enables us to develop a state of selfregulation that allows us to pursue our moral goals even in the face of competing infl uences. This does not mean that we necessarily ought to reject the input we get from nonrational sources, but it does mean that we ought to refl ect on it and consider whether it worthy of regulating our behavior and whether it represents how we want to interact with others. In the context of eudaimonic ethics, this means we will consider the extent to which certain considerations enable us to act in ways that satisfy our innate psychological needs and, specifi cally, whether they direct us toward interacting with others in a way that demonstrates our care and respect for them.