SCHOOL FORMATS AND HIGH SCHOOL REFORM INNOVATIONS
To accomplish the new high school reform goals, educators have developed a number of alternative school formats. Some of the major types are career major programs, Tech Prep, academies, schools within schools, and magnet schools. Each of them typically addresses the issues of applied, context-based, and community-based education in different ways. They each recognize the value of applied learning to enhance the meaningful learning of students. They each try and accommodate the need for a rigorous solid core òf academic skills. Although all have an implicit career focus, some explicitly embrace the concept of career majors as the focal point of the applied learning. Some formats physically separate students into separate schools based on career interests, and others address the multiple career inter* ests of different students within the same school. The term schools-within-schools does not actually refer to a specific type of format; it refers to the way the school curriculum is organized and presented to students. The term refers to programs that are viewed as distinctly separate from one another but which take place within the same overall school facility. Any of the other four types of formats listed above can be delivered as a school within a school if they have a large enough student body to warrant separate courses and separate management. The major difference from other programs offered in a school is that the schools within a school have substantially more curricular control. What follows is a brief description of each of the formats and some of the similarities and differences between them.