chapter  6
8 Pages

Your Guidebook for Embedding Grammar in Writing Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

This chapter explains how to teach students to write compound sentences that create a smoother flow of ideas than short, choppy, simple sentences. It demonstrates the way to transform mindless overuse into effective use of conjunctions and discusses how to teach students to punctuate compound sentences correctly. To teach the students about how to write compound sentences, teacher should reinforce a few rules: they can establish equality between two independent clauses by choosing 'and' as the coordinating conjunction; they establish contrast by using 'but'; and they establish cause-and-effect relationships by using 'so'. Sara teaches eighth grade in a suburban middle school where the students are motivated to succeed and the parents and community expect a high level of achievement. It is an easy step now to teach that a semicolon is an alternative to the comma and coordinating conjunction. Sara demonstrates how the comma and coordinating conjunction in one of the students' compound sentences can be replaced by a semicolon.