chapter  4
26 Pages

“Meddle Not with Them That Are Given to Change”: Innovation as Evil

This conclusion presents an overview of key concepts covered in the preceeding chapters of the book. This book documented some eminently political connotations and uses of the concept that may, if taken seriously, lead to more critical studies of innovation, a concept that has become "naturalized" and "legitimized" over the last 60 years. It is through religion that the concept of innovation first entered public discourse in the Western world. It was precisely during the Reformation that the fate of the concept was determined for the centuries to follow. The word innovation was rarely used by early Republican theorists to make a case for the commonwealth in the seventeenth century. The social innovator is a radical, as many accused French and British socialists of being in the 1830s and after. The nineteenth century changed these representations. While until then innovation had not been part of the vocabulary of innovators but rather a derogatory label and a linguistic weapon against innovators.