Chapters 3 and 4 examine the signicant role school principals play as curriculum leaders. This role continues to gain importance as accountability demands become stronger and more pervasive. School leaders simply cannot be managers of people and resources as they sacrice teaching and learning at the altar of efciency. Such a model of school leadership was deemed adequate in some schools as recently as the 1970s. Those days are long gone now. All students in all schools need administrators who are masters of teaching and learning rst and efcient managers of people and resources second.