Question♦9♦ How♦Can♦You♦Best♦Use♦a♦Few♦♦ Minutes♦of♦“Leftover”♦Time♦in♦Class?♦
Summarize Rick Wormeli wrote an excellent book titled Summarization in Any Sub-
ject: 50 Techniques to Improve Student Learning (2004). In it, he provides a wealth of research, including from Robert Marzano, which demonstrates the importance of having students summarize what they have been studying (Wormeli, 2004, p. 2). The book also includes many practical summarization activities.