Looking back: an historical dimension
Despite this diversity of content and approach, centrally, history is a branch of knowledge that systematically examines evidence of the past. It seeks to record facts such as events (often chronologically) and to analyse, interpret, explain or comment on them. The Greek origin, (historia) as used by the historian Herodotus (c. 484-425 BC) translates as ‘an account of one’s enquiries’. Among the different foci or genres of history is economic, social, intellectual, political, military and cultural history. Theories informing approaches to history include structuralist, neo-Marxist and feminist versions.