chapter  9
20 Pages

Rethinking educational aims in an era of globalization

Globalization is the term most commonly used to describe our era. It points to the emergence of a set of processes that relate to the rapid movement of ideas, goods and people around the globe, radically transforming relations among people and communities across national borders. Driven largely by developments in information and communication technologies, globalization has given rise to new forms of transnational interconnectivity and interdependence. And while people continue to live in local realities, these realities are increasingly integrated into larger systems of global networks. According to Waters (1995), globalization involves both an objective and a subjective dimension. It represents an objective account of the ways in which geographical constraints on economic, political and cultural activities are receding; but on a subjective level, it suggests that people around the world are becoming increasingly aware of this fact and are reshaping their lives accordingly. People deal on a daily basis with the realities of transnational economic relations, technological and media innovations, and cultural flows that cut across national borders, with greater speed and intensity than ever before. For many people, these developments have provided new and exciting opportunities to travel and trade, while for others they have brought nothing but destruction of their life opportunities and of their communities and cultural traditions.