chapter  4
33 Pages


Realism’s infl uence waned in the 1960s and 1970s, but returned to a position of prominence in the international relations subfi eld following the publication of Kenneth Waltz’s Theory of International Politics in 1979. The volume, which outlines Waltz’s theory of neorealism (the term “neorealism” was coined by one of his critics, Richard Ashley), is widely considered to be the most infl uential realist text. It is rivaled only by Morgenthau’s Politics Among Nations for the depth and duration of its impact. In contrast to Morgenthau’s human-nature classical realism, however, neorealism situates the causes of international outcomes in the structure of the international system.