chapter  5
43 Pages

Defensive structural realism

Defensive structural realism is a direct descendant of Waltz’s neorealism. Defensive structural realism shares neorealism’s focus on structure as a key causal variable, as well as its assumption that states seek security rather than power. However, while Waltz is steadfastly agnostic about which microfoundation underpins neorealism (variously invoking rationality, socialization, and selection) defensive structural realists have focused almost exclusively on rationality.