Empirical Evidence from the Japanese Case
This chapter is an empirical investigation for the Japanese case in order to confirm the theoretical concepts and hypotheses put forward in chapter 3. The inquiry into the case of Japan has a particular importance with regard to the identification of policy implications for developing countries. Japan has developed a machine tool industry over the last two decades to the point where it had become the largest exporter in 1977, the largest innovator in 1979 and the largest producer in 1981 in the world. According to our theoretical concept, the Japanese success in the machine tool industry can be traced back to the role of internationally competitive user industries.