Sexual Motivation Across Cultures
Sociobiologists like Symons (1979) also privilege biology in their accounts of the evolution of human sexual behavior. It takes the form of hidden (or yet to be discovered) genetic codes governing complex and different patterns of male and female motivations for sexual behavior and mate choice. These are attributed to the evolutionary forces of natural and sexual selection that are said to operate differently on males and females, and result in a number of cultural universals governing sexual behavior. In the case of the male, this would include preference for polygyny, heightened intrasexual competition, and attraction to young women. Feminist critics note that there is hardly any sexual behavior, activity, or preference that has not been attributed to genes and evolurion by the sociobiologists (Hatfield & Rapson, 1996).