chapter  9
10 Pages


THE attitude of Englishmen towards aliens in the later Middle Ages was one of hostility. "They have an antipathy to foreigners," wrote the author of the Italian Relation, " and imagine that they never come into their island but to make themselves masters of it, and to usurp their goods." .The opinion of Froissart, given more than a hundred years earlier, is very similar; he speaks of " the great haughtiness of the English, who are a'fiableto no other nation than their own; nor could any of the gentlemen of Gascony or Aquitaine, though they had ruined themselves by their wars, obtain office or appointment in their own country; for the English said they were neither on a level with them nor worthy of their society."