chapter  IV
22 Pages

The Unconscious

WHEN the International Psycho-analytical Association was founded in 1910, the goals of the Association were declared to be to:

... foster and further the science of psycho-analysis founded by Freud, both as a pure discipline of psychology and in its application to medicine and the mental sciences .... 30

The 'pure discipline of psychology' which Freud had in mind, and which may be called the first psycho-analytic system, rested on three bases. There were: the unconscious, the libido theory, and transference and resistance as the basis of psychotherapy. The major works of Freud in which these concepts were developed were published between 1900 and 1914, although in a number of cases various additions were made afterwards.