Transference and Resistance
The interconnectedness of the three cornerstones of Freud's first psycho-analytic system now becomes apparent. The unconscious deals mainly with the remains of infantile sexuality; conversely, infantile sexuality is unacceptable to the individual and is repressed into the unconscious. The total process causes the person to be driven by a mass of irrational urges which he can neither fathom nor adequately control. Under the impulse of these urges he comes as a patient into analytic treatment and poses the same kind of resistance to the uncovering of his wishes that he opposes in real life to their recognition. Consequently, therapy which attempts to proceed in a completely rational manner-for instance, by pointing out to a patient with a subway phobia that after all millions of people do ride unharmed in the subway every day, and that this fear on his part is unwarranted-must necessarily fail because it does not take into consideration the nature of the illness. To be successful, therapy must to a greater or lesser extent make use of the principles of transference and resistance.