chapter  2
16 Pages

Fundamentals of the Modern Muslim–Jewish Polemic

In the Middle Ages, the polemic between the Jews and the Muslims was based in general on Scriptures and each party proffered quotations to justify its faith and practice. 1 The main arguments, made by Muslims against the Jews, included:

• Islam abrogates the Torah. • The Torah was forged in the course of its transmission. • The Torah includes allusions to the advent of Muhammad, which the

Jews partially deleted or ignored.2