chapter  6
The Commodification of Lone Mothers’ Labor: A Comparison of US and German Policies
Pages 28

Recent policy shifts in the United States (US) and in Germany have altered the terrain for lone mothers. Within different social contexts and through differences in budget priorities and political landscapes, these policies have generated different incentives for labor market behavior, especially among lone mothers. For example, in the US, welfare reform has imposed work requirements and limits on lifetime benefits for welfare recipients, while the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) has created monetary incentives to encourage labor market participation among lone mothers. In contrast, Germany now offers lone mothers a particular combination of benefits and financial resources that indirectly encourages labor market abstinence among lone mothers.