The Event, Japanese Style
Planning for the 1940 Tokyo games proved particularly difﬁcult given the domestic and international climate of 1930s Japan. As the Japanese military campaigns in China
intensiﬁed, ideological debates over the appropriateness of hosting the Olympics emerged in Japan. While some Japanese authorities promoted the spiritual and patriotic beneﬁts of hosting the Olympics, other argued that the games were to help foment Japanese
international goodwill. The debates over the ideological signiﬁcance of the Tokyo Olympics and the impact these disputes had on organizing for the national event are
carefully addressed here.