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Building ‘Modern’ Japan through Western Sports and the Olympic Games

Asian Olympics, such as the 1964 Tokyo, 1972 Sapporo, 1988 Seoul and the 1998 Nagano Olympics are next addressed to reveal lingering political and cultural

assumptions made of the East within the Olympic movement. The Beijing bid for the 2008 Olympics is briefly considered to assess how Chinese modernity is being

politically showcased for the world in much the same way that Japanese modernity was showcased in 1940. In the final analysis, the extent to which Asian Olympic host

cities represent their national culture and modernity according to a different cultural logic to the Western cities of other continents is explored.