chapter  5
17 Pages

The construction of a discourse under multipurpose cooperation

First, we have seen the resurgence of Confucianism as one of the important elements of the new intellectual discourse of post-Maoist China. In the general framework of the thought of this period, and as one of the results of the reform and opening up process that was set in motion by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, a new, diverse intellectual discourse arose leaving behind the ideological uniformity of the Maoist period. The analysis of different ideological taxonomies throws into relief the fact that the renaissance of traditional Chinese philosophy and the emergence of a new conservatism have been decisive currents in post-Maoist intellectual development. On the basis of the same analysis we can also clearly deduce that the revitalization of Confucianist thought and the debate on the cultural construction of China are two consubstantial elements within this new intellectual discourse. Moreover, the Confucianist discourse is also perfectly identifiable within the trend towards the hybridization of different intellectual currents after 1989; a hybrid thought that conceives modernity as an amalgam of different ideas of liberalism, conservatism, nationalism, socialism and postmodernist theories.