Dwelling and Seeking in Late Adulthood: The Psychosocial Implications of Two Types of Religious Orientation
The appraisal of the controllability of a situation offers an appealing opportunity for a substantive test of the hypothesis of fit. Indeed, appraisals of situations as controllable have been tied to the use of strategies that emphasize an active, problem-solving approach and appraisals of situations as uncontrollable have been linked to coping strategies that emphasize a palliative, emotion-regulating approach. Thoits reported that both Problem and Emotion-Focused coping were associated with self-reported positive outcomes but only under conditions evaluated as uncontrollable. With respect to religious coping, we hypothesizes that caregivers who used a Deferring style would also demonstrate fewer Depressive Symptoms. Because we examines coping with an uncontrollable stressor, no a priori hypotheses were made concerning the direction of associations involving Problem-Focused general coping, Self-Directing or Collaborative religious coping. Caregivers' religious coping efforts in response to their most significant caregiving hassle were assessed using the short form of the Religion and Problem-Solving Scales (RPS) developed by Pargament et al.