chapter
20 Pages

Examining Spirituality Over Time: Latent Growth Curve and Individual Growth Curve Analyses

A practical philosophy is a system of fundamental or motivating principles, a basis of action or belief that serves a useful purpose. One task of a practical theological approach is to correlate interpreted theory of a religious philosophy with the interpreted theory of the contemporary situation. Spiritual philosophies may be more salient for individuals who have not chosen religious pathways. The concept of a practical philosophy may incorporate both. Ideas about what constitutes religion and what then distinguishes spirituality from religion are very diverse. The significance and interpretations two groups of diverse community dwelling elders, European American and African-American ascribe to religion and spirituality in their daily lives. Sociologist Peter Berger has argued that religion can be defined substantively as the beliefs, practices, and ethical values associated with a particular religious tradition. Religion and spirituality were both described as belief, a feeling in the heart, and how one acts or lives.