Documentation, Risk, and Insurance
A number of documents are used in export-import trade. The comple tion and submission of required documents is critical to the successful shipment, transportation, and discharge of cargo at the port of destination. The documents used depend on the requirements of both the exporting and importing countries. Much of the documentation is routine for freight forwarders or customs brokers acting on the firm’s behalf, but the exporter is ultimately responsible for the accuracy of the documentation. Informa tion on documentation requirements in importing countries can be ob tained from overseas customers, foreign government embassies and con sulates, as well as various export reference books, such as the Export Shipping Manual and Air Cargo Tariff Guide. In the United States and other developed countries, government departments have specialists on individual foreign countries and can advise on country conditions and documentation requirements.