chapter  2
16 Pages

Geog raphy and Ideas of Race

Ever since the early nineteenth century, when the idea of race as biological human difference became effective for the organization of society, the public has been confident that evident human differences in skin color and mor­ phology could be explained by descriptions of general race factors knowable to scientists. For example, it is believed that black people have some phys­ ical thing that makes them black and causes dark skin shades. General race factors, such as blackness, are believed to determine racial membership and cause specific racial traits.