The Constitution of Black British Life within the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Just as in the case of black Americans, black British African and Caribbean life in the United Kingdom was constituted as a racial-caste-in-class in the class division and social relations of production of the global capitalist world-system. All other practical consciousnesses, black homosexuality, transgenderism, etc., arrived at through the deferment of meaning in ego-centered communicative discourse, were also structuralized within the aforementioned class division and social relations of production and discriminated against and marginalized by the aforementioned social class language games of two classes, a black bourgeoisie and underclass. In order to understand this position, it is essential to explore slavery, the post-emancipation period, and the socioeconomic development of black people in their home countries and in the UK. The ideologies, policies, and practices of race framing, the experiences of the early migrants, and the subsequent conditions of the successive generations are highlighted, and the impact of the economic system on black people in the UK vis-à-vis ideological apparatuses such as the labor market, housing, and education is particularly explored. The term “African Caribbean” is used interchangeably with the terms black and black Caribbean to describe people who originate from the Caribbean with an African ancestry, but does not describe individuals whose parents/grandparents or who themselves are black Africans from the continent. The reference point for this chapter is African and African Caribbean people, but where relevant, other minority ethnic groups are included in the discussion.