chapter  9
15 Pages

Conclusions

This work has sought to explore the nature of race and class distinctions, i.e., black practical consciousnesses, in black communities in the US and UK. We contended that race and class distinctions within black communities in the US and UK must be understood as being constituted within and by the two dominant social class language games, a black bourgeoisie and underclass, created by the class division and social relations of production of global capitalism or the capitalist world-system. This Marxist dialectical perspective stands against contemporary postmodern and post-structural theories, which focus on local formations, heterogeneity, the diverse, the subjective, the spontaneous, the relative, and the fragmentary as the basis for understanding the constitution of black identities and consciousnesses in the US and UK. The latter positions, we argued, are also the product of class division and social relations of production in late postindustrial capitalist development and organization. As a result, they fail to adequately address the issues regarding the origins and basis for the constitution of black identities and consciousnesses in America and the UK. Using a variant of structuration theory, what we called phenomenological structuralism, we off ered a dialectical understanding of the constitution of black American and British life within the class division and social relations of production of the global capitalist world-system while accounting for black social agency.