The ICBG Papua New Guinea project
As mentioned in Chapter 3, the ICBG projects have been established as a ‘unique effort that addresses interdependent issues of biological exploration and discovery, socioeconomic benefits, and biodiversity conservation’ (NIH, 2012). In this case the ICBG have provided grant funding for collaboration between the University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG), the University of Utah and University of Minnesota, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Wyeth was originally a partner organisation on the project but has since dropped out (Cragg et al., 2012). The overarching goal of the ICBG project is to improve human health and well-being through a set of programs dedicated to the description, assessment, utilisation and conservation of biodiversity in PNG. This project has been running for approximately 9 years and is in its second cycle of grant funding from the Fogarty International Centre. Interviews and correspondence were obtained for this case study from 3 key informants: Prof. Louis Barrows (University of Utah), Prof. Lohi Matainaho (UPNG) and Dr Eric Kwa (PNG Law Reform Commission, previously involved in the development of the national ABS permit system), as well as relevant literature.