chapter  7
14 Pages


In his Liberal Education, published in 1789, Vicesimus Knox had some very harsh words to say about the universities in his time, and he insisted upon some reform. According to Knox, rather than seats of learning Oxford and Cambridge had become seats of ignorance and corruption; everything was performed in a perfunctory and superficial way. The universities were still open only to members of the Established Church, the Church of England; and the acceptance of the Thirty-Nine Articles was almost a guarantee of graduation. Oxford and Cambridge were virtually clubs for the idle rich.