JOHN DEWEY (1859-1952)
In 1894 he became Chairman of the Department of Philosophy, Psychology and Pedagogy at the University of Chicago, and two years later he founded the University Laboratory School, hoping thereby to provide the raw material for experimentation. Dewey had noted that the old simple village life and village community were fast breaking up, and that, whilst other social institutions were undergoing rapid transformation, the institutions of the school and the church were providing little to make the average child aware of the new society. The town child was at a disadvantage since he was making use of amenities he had never seen constructed and was never really competent to internalize. He wore clothing-but knew nothing of how it was made; and he used gas light-but knew nothing of how gas was prepared.