chapter  3
9 Pages


It is perhaps interesting to note, and certainly it is socially significant, that one of the first pieces of educational legislation in the first decade of the nineteenth century was an Act to preserve the health and morals of apprentices and others similarly employed in cotton and other mills and factories. In 1802 Peel's Factory Act required employers to make provision for adequate instruction in reading, writing and arithmetic during at least the first four years of a seven years' apprenticeship. Such instruction in the three Rs had to be included within the twelve hours which made up the working day of these unfortunate apprentices, and it was laid down that such a working day could not begin before 6.00 a.m. nor end later than 9.00 p.m.