This chapter examines the rise of neoliberal ideology and the growth of neoliberal reforms as they relate to the study and practice of migration. It argues that migration neither can nor should be reduced to the decision of an individual mover or migrant. The chapter examines that it should be approached as a decision made by individuals who are members of families, households, communities, ethnic groups, religions, genders and a host of other things. It argues that while economic well-being influences the decision to move, it is not the only thing that movers seek. The chapter examines the continued conflictive nature of mobility for contemporary movers who cross international borders as they organise in response to their increasing marginality. Finally, it concludes by suggesting a path for the future of migration studies that recognises the limits of neoliberal ideologies and argues for the place of insecurity in the analysis of human mobility.