chapter  29
Evidence-Based Practices in Treatment for Autism and Intellectual Disabilities
ByTHOMAS ZANE, MARY JANE WEISS, CHERYL DAVIS, AND IAN MELTON
Pages 11

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an approach toward treatment delivery that is grounded in the fundamental principle that decisions on treatment selection should be made on the strength of scientific evidence that demonstrates that the treatment does what it is intended to do. In the context of treatment of autism and intellectual disabilities, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, 1997) and No Child Left Behind (NCLB, 2002) establish (in regulation) the requirement that EBP be utilized in educating individuals with various disabilities. The principle-and mandate-of EBP is supported by virtually all disciplines related to serving persons with disabilities, including the American Psychological Association (APA, 2006), the American Speech-Hearing-Language Association (ASHA, 2005), the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC, 2009), and the National Autism Center (NAC, 2009).