chapter  3
46 Pages

The Migration Process: Aspects Related to the Sending Country

ByAhmet Akgündüz

Since the Western European guest worker system was officially designed by government-to-government agreements, and thus the sending state of each migratory movement took a role from the very beginning, this chapter examines the roles played by the Turkish state in the initiation and the course of migration. To depict the role of the Turkish state vis-a-vis the labour migration, it also examines three areas: the justification of the release of labour, the definition of the nature of migration and the regulation of the exit of labour. Because the projected benefits of sending workers abroad depended upon the return of migrants, the Turkish government clearly defined the nature of migration as temporary. From roughly 1965 onwards, contrary to the Turkish authorities' initial predictions, Turkish workers' entry into receiving countries using tourist passports strikingly came onto the migration scene, despite the Is ve Isci Bulma Kurumu's proficient management of migration.