This chapter examines the relevant statistical data and then analyses the distribution of migrants by province of origin; the extent of influence of the Turkish government's priority regulations for underdeveloped provinces; and the urban and rural origins of the migrants. It assesses the numbers of skilled workers in the Turkish migration to Germany from the receiving side's perspective as well as in comparison with other guest worker nationals. During the migration period, a vast majority of the Turkish population lived in rural areas. The chapter describes some issues which are: sector of employment, status in employment and how migrants specified their main reasons for taking up work in the West. When Western European demand for labour from Turkey came onto the agenda, the people who first showed up were mainly from the provinces that were more developed and modernised and that had relatively more economic and cultural contacts with the West.