This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in this book. The book focuses on the defence firms and classifies them according to functional speciality and degree of technological capability. All firms engaging in significant defence production were recast as traditional, modern or emergent military-industrial enterprises (MIEs). All firms engaging in significant defence production were recast as traditional, modern or emergent military-industrial enterprises. The firm has little choice but to meet the production and technology targets set by its government paymaster. This fact is fundamental to defence industry; namely, that demand management and research and development pacesetting in conjunction furnish governments with controlling rights over the operations of defence firms located in their bailiwicks. Government influence remains pervasive regardless of ownership. In a nutshell, escalation in defence costs have compelled these governments to respond by mandating competitive tendering and fixed-price contracts, as well as expecting the firms to boost their contributions to development costs.