Symbolic Communication and Language
This chapter begins with an examination of language, moves on to nonverbal communication, and then analyzes the impacts of communication and social relationships on each other. It considers the delicate coordination involved in people's most common social activity—conversation. The chapter focuses on facial maturity research and how it influences interaction and examines the nature of verbal, nonverbal, and digital communication. It also examines the basic components of spoken language and some of the advantages of language use. The chapter explores three models of communication: the encoder-decoder model, the intentionalist model, and the perspective-taking model. A third model is based on symbolic interaction theory. It views the process of communication as both creating and reflecting a shared context between speaker and listener. The chapter also considers how each model views the communication process and also discusses communication accuracy. Language is often thought of as a medium of communication that one person uses to transmit information to another.