The Information and Communication Technology Revolution
Number 8 of the 17 proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is “to promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all” (Sustainable Development Goal 8, 2017). The economic prosperity of a nation and the environmental impact of the nation’s growth have been studied extensively and the results are controversial. There is a reason we need to make a balance between a successful economy and the preservation of natural ecosystems. Therefore, economic growth alone is not enough to improve environmental quality. Sustainable Development Goal 17 (means of implementation) includes Target 17.14, to: “enhance policy coherence for sustainable development” (Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development in the SDG Framework, 2015). International policy accountability for policy coherence implementation is needed to further move the agenda and achieve the goals. Developing an effective environmental policy framework is essential in order to improve environmental quality that supports well-being and enables long-term economic development (Almeida et al., 2017). Inclusive economic growth, combating climate variability and change risks, infrastructure development, addressing population growth and urbanism, international trade, and international financial system concerns, are among some of the issues that raise the importance of redistribution as the most effective way to poverty eradication and sustainable development. Economic growth does not go hand-in-hand with economic development. To overcome the obstacles to accomplish SDGs, leaders must strengthen the capacity of governments to take into action the mutually supported policies that build upon inclusive strategies and technology innovation. Economic activity depends on the natural environment and so maintaining the condition of natural assets is a key factor to sustainable development and growth. Also, economic growth contributes to the 208investment and dynamism needed to develop and deploy new technology, which is crucial to both productivity growth and managing environmental assets. Environmental assets contribute to managing risks to economic and social activity. The managing of risks with the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) must be an essential tool to policy-makers because a concrete implementation of a risk management framework helps to cope with severe weather events and its consequences such as flood risks, heat waves, regulating the local climate (both air quality and temperature), and maintaining the supply of clean water and other resources. This strengthens economic activity and maintaining the condition of natural assets (Everett et al., 2010).