Causes of Internal Displacement in Nepal
This chapter describes the causes of conflict-induced internal displacement. Conflicts involving forced migration and human rights violations, as in the case of Nepal and other countries in South Asia, have attracted international attention. The chapter examines the roles that the armed conflict between the Maoists and government armed forces played in Nepal’s displacement crisis. It analyses responses to the crisis by the Nepal government, Maoists, and international aid agencies. The chapter argues that the armed conflict contributed significantly to the internal displacement crisis in Nepal and that the government failed to fulfil its obligations toward Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) through its policies. Human rights violations and abuses by both government Security Forces and by the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) were widespread throughout the conflict; conflict-related killings were recorded in all but two of Nepal’s 75 districts.