Patterns of Internal Displacement in Nepal
Although Nepal has been a homeland to refugees from Tibet and Bhutan, there has also been a history of economic migration in the recent years within Nepal and especially from Nepal into India. UN mission argues that the scope of displacement in Nepal and the degree of attention dedicated to the phenomenon should be assessed and determined based on the number of persons that have left their homeland for conflict-related reasons and could choose to return in safety one day. Regarding Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Nepal has a long history of displacement due to natural disasters. In addition, a widespread pattern of conflict-induced displacement has emerged today, next to and obscured by the traditional economic migration. This chapter describes a simple classification of IDPs that was generated during INF’s own IDP research and a subsequent planning workshop held in December 2002.