From the Jim Crow era to the present, the U.S. criminal justice system is closely associated with lack of due process, racial oppression, use of excessive force, racial profiling, humiliating searches and mass incarceration. The stereotypical image of the black male as “thug” is used to justify inhumane treatment. Women of color and LGBTQ persons of color are overrepresented in the criminal justice system. The American system of criminal justice reveals that people are treated differently on the basis of race, gender and sexuality. This chapter highlights how courts have responded to those injustices.