chapter  22

Windows NT Workstation vs. Server 4.0

WithStewart Miller

Windows NT workstation and server have always shared the same user interface, application programming interface, API, and kernel architecture throughout both products. However, price, licensing, and optimization were another category entirely. These categories were divided into the networked desktop operating system and the high-performance server. There are several advantages of keeping Windows NT Workstation processing power at a minimum. In terms of local interactive performance, as the number of clients increases, the Windows NT Workstation performance can remain high for local applications. However, as processing power is exhausted by networking operations, the performance can decrease as several users log on to the network. Windows NT Workstation was primarily set up to be responsive to the local user yet consume very little memory. In contrast, Windows NT Server 4.0 was designed to make network performance its number-one priority. It is set up to utilize all of its available memory and processing power to provide the fastest network file access possible.