Models in Quantum Physics
A simplified scheme is used to discuss the idea of the mathematical formalism of physical theory. The physical theory is associated with a certain mathematical structure which makes it possible to define objects, i.e., the subject of investigation, and some of their characteristics. The task of the theory is to find the characteristics of an object from its input data that implicitly define it, on the basis of the laws from the nature of the basic structure. It stands to reason that the task includes the finding of the indicated laws dictated by the structure, the elucidation of the general properties of the objects, the establishment of the relationship between the characteristics, etc. The finiteness of the models used to illustrate the given scheme is brought about by the replacement of the space or the space-time continuum of "real" physics by a finite set.