Background to the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights
Chapter 5 outlines the development of the UN Guiding Principles, and their precursors in the UN system, including the Draft Norms (on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights). Following the unsuccessful attempts of the Draft Norms to impose binding international law obligations on companies, they were abandoned. In 2005, Professor Ruggie was appointed initially for a two-year term as the secretary-general’s special representative on transnational business and human rights. Ruggie’s mandate was renewed twice more, culminating in the Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework and, ultimately, the Guiding Principles, which were unanimously endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council on 16 June 2011. Chapter 5 closes with a brief overview of some key features of the Guiding Principles.