Corporations (and their officers) have various legal obligations relating to human rights under both international and domestic law. Chapter 6 outlines the development of individual responsibility for egregious violations of human rights under international law in the post-Second World War context. It discusses the creation of the International Criminal Court under the Rome Statute in 1998, and the implications of this for corporate accountability. While corporations themselves cannot be prosecuted as juridical persons under the Rome Statute, corporate officers responsible for their company’s criminal conduct can be investigated and prosecuted. Chapter 6 also examines a range of ways corporations are being held to account for their adverse impacts on human rights under domestic legal systems. Salient legislation from around the world is considered, including from the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and Australia, covering modern slavery and transparency in supply chains, conflict minerals, due diligence, and the ability of foreign nationals to seek remedies for violations of their human rights occurring internationally.