This chapter is about the economic and political context. It explains international and regional economic policies as a criminogenic context for the abuse of the economic, social and cultural fundamental rights of the local Latin American population. The geopolitical situation is exposed as the context that defines regulatory dependencies and economic deregulation (e.g. free trade agreements). In the same vein, the impact of this context on the life of the local population is described. The causal relationship between international economic policies on the one hand, and regional and local economic interests and institutions in Latin America on the other, is analyzed along with the interdependence between host states and transnational as well as multinational corporations.